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THE ANALYSIS OF THE OLD TESTAMENT (HEBREW SCRIPTURES) AND NEW TESTAMENT (GREEK SCRIPTURES) CANON

Uploaded by Fola on Aug 14, 2007

THE ANALYSIS OF THE OLD TESTAMENT (HEBREW SCRIPTURES) AND NEW TESTAMENT (GREEK SCRIPTURES) CANON

INTRODUCTION
Every theological position must involve a doctrine which has to be in a Holy Scripture or rather in oral tradition, whether explicit or conceal, for this the Jews and Christians faith can be sort in a Book, the Bible, also called the Holy Bible, the sacred book or Scriptures of Judaism and of Christianity. The Bible of Judaism and the Bible of Christianity are different, however, in some important ways. The Jewish Bible is the Hebrew Scriptures, 39 books originally written in Hebrew, except for a few sections in Aramaic. The Christian Bible is in two parts, the Old Testament and the 27 books of the New Testament. The Old Testament is structured in two slightly different forms by the two principal divisions of Christendom. The version of the Old Testament used by Roman Catholics is the Bible of Judaism plus 7 other books and additions to books, some of the additional books were originally written in Greek, as was the New Testament. The version of the Old Testament used by Protestants is limited to the 39 books of the Jewish Bible. The other books and additions to books are called the Apocrypha. 1



The term Bible is derived through Latin from the Greek biblia, (originally a neuter plural, but treated since the early middle ages as a feminine singular), or “books” it could also be said to be from the ta biblia, the diminutive form of biblos, the word for “papyrus” or “paper”, which was exported from the ancient Phoenician port city of Biblos. By the time of the Middle Ages the books of the Bible were considered a unified entity.2



What man knows today as the Bible is in fact a collection of ancient documents said to be divinely inspired. These were composed and compiled in written form over a period of 16 centuries. All together this collection of documents forms what Jerome well described in Latin as the Bibliotheca Divina, or the Divine Library. This library has a catalog, or official listing of publications, which is limited to those books pertaining to the scope and specialization of that library. All unauthorized books are excluded. So the Bible has a fixed catalog that contains 66 books, all said to be products of God’s guiding Holy Spirit.3



The Bible is said to be literary deposit...

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Uploaded by:   Fola

Date:   08/14/2007

Category:   Religion

Length:   17 pages (3,725 words)

Views:   2183

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