welcome to
PLANET PAPERS!

The last remaining website for students offering 1000's of FREE Term Papers, Essays, Book Reports & Research Papers.

150,000+ Papers

Find more results for this search now!
CLICK the BUTTON to the RIGHT!

Please enter a keyword or topic phrase to perform a search.
Need a Brand New Custom Essay Now?  click here

Industrialization

Uploaded by quinonespearl on Feb 15, 2006

Industrialization in the 19th century made production easier, quicker and inexpensive for employers. I believe that industrialization allowed employers to abuse American and immigrant workers in many ways.
Workers were exposed to hazardous environments. Facilities lacked fire extinguishers. These facilities also locked emergency exits. An example of unsafe workplaces was the NYC Triangle Shirtwaist Company (1911). This factory caught a fire and killed 146 workers including men, women, and children. Many of them had been trapped inside the burning building because management had locked the emergency exits to prevent unauthorized absences. Most accidents were caused by machines. Employers failed to provide safety gear to protect workers from getting hurt. Workers were paid low wages with an annual income of approximately $500 a year. The average workday consisted of 10 to 12 hours with a six day work week. Employers did not provide any medical coverage. In the event an employee became ill and unable to work they were immediately terminated.
The Labor Contract Law permitted employers to recruit immigrant workers and pay for their passage in advance and deduct the amount later from their wages. This law made wages for unskilled immigrant workers lower than the wages for unskilled American citizens. Therefore immigrants would be making enough just to survive. As a result of the low wages, immigrant workers were replacing citizen workers.
Women and children were paid the lowest wages compared to men. Most women were assigned to work with unskilled machine labor, textile industries, and domestic services. While children worked performing field duties. The remaining jobs were done by men such as, farming and mining. Children were targeted employees in factory work since they were quick, and easier to manipulate.
Laborers attempted to fight back against harsh working conditions by creating national unions. The Molly Maguire’s were one of the first militant labor organizations in the 1870’s who used violence and murder in their battles with employers. The Molly Maguire’s battles were over workday hours, benefits, and working conditions. The Knights of Labor was the first labor organization that was genuinely open to all workers except lawyers, bankers, liquor dealers, and profit gamblers. The Knights of Labor fought for an 8 hour workday and the abolition of child labor. The Knights wanted to replace the wage system with a new cooperative system in which workers would themselves control a large part of the company. The American...

Sign In Now to Read Entire Essay

Not a Member?   Create Your FREE Account »

Comments / Reviews

read full paper >>

Already a Member?   Login Now >

This paper and THOUSANDS of
other papers are FREE at PlanetPapers.

Uploaded by:   quinonespearl

Date:   02/15/2006

Category:   American Revolution

Length:   2 pages (471 words)

Views:   1295

Report this Paper Save Paper
Professionally written papers on this topic:

Industrialization

View more professionally written papers on this topic »